According to the NHTSA, the accident risk presented by electric and hybrid cars is 19 percent higher for pedestrians and 38 percent higher for cyclists than that of cars with a combustion engine. After a transition phase, therefore, they will have to be audible for pedestrians up to a speed of 30 kilometers per hour from September 2020. In the EU, new electric and hybrid models will have to emit a warning signal up to a speed of 20 kilometers per hour from July 2019. Then, from July 2021, every newly registered electric vehicle will have to produce a driving noise.
*e-Golf: Power consumption combined 13,8 - 12,9 kWh/100 km - CO₂ emissions in g/km: 0 combined - efficiency class: A+