Charged up for more than 40 years

Volkswagen began conducting research into purely electrically powered vehicles back in the early 1970s. A short journey from the T2 Elektro Transporter to the ID. family.

Volkswagen has a history of electric mobility? There’s probably not much to tell yet, some might think spontaneously. But the reality is somewhat different: Volkswagen began conducting research into purely electrically powered vehicles back in the early 1970s.

1972: The pioneer – T2 Elektro Transporter

The first fruit of this research work was a T2 Transporter in 1972. The project was developed in conjunction with Bosch, Varta and RWE. The Elektro Transporter was powered by a DC motor fitted in the rear of the vehicle and delivered a continuous power rating of 16 kW (22 hp). Lead batteries were used as the power source. They were fitted in the floor of the vehicle and weighed 850 kilograms – more than a Beetle at the time. Due to the necessary reinforcement given to the floor assembly and chassis, the T2 Elektro Transporter weighed in at a good 2.2 tons. Volkswagen built this T2 as a production model over a period of several years in a total production run of about 120 vehicles, available with various bodies.

2010: The next generation – Golf VI Blue-e-Motion

The Golf Blue-e-Motion unveiled by Volkswagen at the Berlin e-mobility summit in 2010 marked a real quantum leap in terms of range and driving performance. The vehicle is based on the sixth generation of the Golf and was built in a preproduction run as part of a fleet trial. Compared with its electric predecessors, the Blue-e-Motion symbolizes the dawning of a new era of emission-free driving at Volkswagen: with state-of-the-art lithium-ion technology, recuperation mode for recovering braking energy, three different driving profiles for controlling the vehicle’s dynamism and range, and a quick-charging system using a high-voltage current, this prototype anticipated many of the innovative features later found on the current production e-Golf*.

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*e-Golf – power consumption in kWh/100 km: 12.7 (combined), CO2 emissions in g/km: 0 (combined), efficiency class: A+.

** Concept car

*** The vehicle is not for sale and is therefore not subject to Directive 1999/94/EC.